Onto the Western Hackamores which I will expect will be everyones favourite part here!
The Scissor Bosal - The scissor is one of the most well known hackamores, generally used for starting and showing horses under the age of 4 years old as when they become 4 you can change to a bit under show rules. All about poll pressure the rawhide hack sits low on the horses face, the knot on the underside has special reins attached to it and is of medium strength, the rawhide is slightly flexible so it won't hurt the horse if you need to haul back when it spooks. There are 4 types, the Scissor, the tie down, the rope and the mechanical, the mechanical was made for English riders who wanted to use a bosal on their horse originally. Hope Jaisie doesn't mind that I've used her wonderful mare as a model!
Scissor Bosal -
Tie Down or Flexible Bosal, softer on horses face but not as strong, for use after starting with a scissor or combined with a bit -
Rope Bosal - A Rope version of the Scissor Bosal, softer on the horses face but not as strong, for use after starting with a scissor -
The Mechanical Bosal, medium strength generally for english riding -
The Loping Hackamore - The loping hackamore is a more sensitive version of the original Scissor Bosal, used for stronger horses.
The rope hackamore - Generally used by parelli enthusiasts the rope bridle is a parelli halter with reins attached, not for the faint hearted as it is only a small bit stronger than your average halter.
Yet again using Skye as a model for this!
The Rope Bridle - The rope bridle is a stronger version of the halter/hackamore featured above. It has cross ties under the chin for added pressure and control aswell as steering.
The Rope Bridle/Halter Combo - A relatively new creation this is for anyone whose horse does not neck rein yet they wish to ride them in a parelli halter, metal rings on each side give two different places for your reins, under the chin or either side of the nose.
Now this isn't exactly a western hack but had nowhere else to put it, this is a type of show hackamore originally made for arabian horses, easy to medium strength for well behaved show horses.
Now onto the Indian Hackamores
The indian hackamores are derived from the first ever hackamores created, the native americans barely ever put anything but rope/rawhide in their horses mouth and would only put rope in their mouth to go into battle to have extra control.
The Indian Bosal - This has a thick noseband for added pressure to the nose and criss crosses under the horses jaw for extra control, easy to medium strength not for strong horses. Indian horses were never bolty or strong so none of these are a good idea for a headstrong horse.
The War Bridle - The war bridle is as it's name suggests, a bridle used for war, there are two types, one is with a headpiece that tightens when the reins are used, one is just a rope through the mouth and tied under the chin, they are both medium to strong strength and better for a stronger horses but still very easy to lose control with if the horse is not properly trained.
Here my horse models the mouthpiece war bridle -
A headpiece war bridle diagram, no pictures are clear enough
I will touch on a few more later but for now enjoy!