I realised when I looked up types of Hackamore on google that nowhere really does a full detail of hackamores and their useage, I hope that by posting on this site that is public people will see this and learn more about them! This is all from research and personal experience with them so if I get something slightly wrong do not freak out please.
I will update as I find out more!
They only put up the categories - English, Bosal/Western, Indian and Mechanical. How helpful is that when you want to know the different strengths and uses and different types from each category?!
So I thought I'd make on myself in the hopes that when people are looking for hackamores they'll see this, also to stop people putting the hackamores SO LOW DOWN ON THE HORSES FACE!! It's all I see on google, no wonder they have such a bad name for being 'severe'.
Let's first take a look at the horse's Skull -
The bone sticking out from the face is the nasal bone, the gap underneath is where the nasal passages and nostrils are, so if your hackamore or noseband (especially a grakle they always seem to be ill fitted!) sits on that bone your horse will be in serious discomfort, even pain and you could break their nose.
Ok so here goes -
A Hackamore should sit where the noseband sits, a bosal hackamore sits lower because the heavy underneath lifts the top up so it sits higher than a normal hackamore. If you put the hackamore too low it will push on the soft part of the nose and cause your horse discomfort and eventually pain, also means if you have to yank you can break your horses nose! So please make sure you know where to put the hackamore before you use it!
The English Hackamore - A straightforward and 'gentle' hackamore used for horses that are not strong to ride, basically an upgrade of riding in a halter, they have short shanks that you attach the reins too for extra control and is very soft on the horses face.
The 'Mechanical' Hackamore -
A mechanical hackamore is any hackamore with shanks and a curb, the German Hackamore is the most well known version. Some are Western, some are not.
The German Hackamore - A very straightforward hackamore with a curb, long shanks mean good brakes and steering, it is one hackamore than has the strength of a pelham in terms of control, I ride my very own headstrong nutter in one! You barely need to twitch your hands to turn either way or stop, but it can be yanked on if the situation calls for it as long as in the correct position, reccomended for stronger horses. Do not use on sensitive horses as they can be heavy. As you can see here his hackamore was slightly too low, it was put up a hole before we finished the session as it was a bit loose.
Nueles Hule Hackamore - A thinner hackamore used to exert more pressure to the face than to the poll, for horses who stick their noses out when they ride, not as strong as a german hackamore.
Jim Warner Hackamore - Used for serious competition or starting young stallions, generally used in Western Riding. The rope nose is for added control as it moves with the horse.
Barnsby Competition Hackamore - Used for horses competing for added steering and control, good for showjumping (doesn't have to have fluffy cover on nose piece but it is good too!)
Lady Bug Hackamore - Restricted movement of the shanks means a slight twitch is more forceful to the horse, meaning you have but to twitch your hand and the horse goes left or right, used for extra steering power.
Continetal Hackamore - The continental is a shorter version of the german hackamore for closer pressure to the face instead of the poll.
The 'Little S' Hackamore - Used for steering more than control, used alot in barrel racing and endurance and can be used in any discipline, good for ponies.
Show Hackamores - Show hackamores are just ornate versions of regular hackamores to catch the eye in the show ring.
Hackamores without shanks - These hackamores are very straightforward for horses that are easy to control, gentler than hackamores with shanks they are generally used in endurance or jumping for novice horses or horses who are just very well behaved.
The Flower Hackamore - Used in endurance generally the flower hackamore has different rings for different levels of control, applying more or less all pressure to the poll and not the nose, not for a fiesty horse!
The 'Jumping' Hackamore - Though this is called a jumping hackamore, the relativeness to jumping is zero to none! It is basically an upgrade from riding in a halter as you cannot compete in one, mostly the same pressure points and control as a halter, except the rings are lower down.
Floatation Hackamore - The floatation hackamore is all about poll pressure, the ring moves around under pressure and pulls on the horses head, a bit stronger than a flower hackamore.
Combo Hackamore - This nylon hackamore is for anyone who rides in a halter, you simply attach it to the bridle like a noseband and use it as if you were riding in a halter, also has a halter ring on the underside so if you wish to get off and lead you can.
See below next post for western hackamores and indian hackamores.