Uses of Melatonin
Melatonin is used to help manage separation anxiety in dogs and cats.
It is also used to treat other fearful conditions, such as noise phobias.
Melatonin has been used to help induce sleep in pets that are hyperactive at night and to treat elderly pets suffering from an impairment in their biological clock (resulting in so-called "sundowner syndrome.") Precautions and Side Effects
While generally safe and effective when prescribed by a veterinarian, melatonin can may side effects in some animals.
Melatonin should not be used in animals with known hypersensitivity or allergy to the drug.
Melatonin has very few side effects and is very safe. However, it may disrupt desirable hormonal influences in btches.
Melatonin may interact with other medications. Consult your veterinarian to determine if other drugs your pet is receiving could interact with melatonin. Such drugs include sedatives and tranquilizer, monoamine oxidase inhibitors and corticosteroids. How Melatonin is Supplied
Melatonin is available as a 300 mcg, 1mg and 3 mg tablet. Dosing Information
Medication should never be administered without first consulting your veterinarian.
For small dogs, melatonin is dosed at 0.5 to 1 mg per dog orally whenever necessary up to every 8 hours.
For medium-sized dogs, melatonin is dosed at 1 to 3 mg per dog whenever necessary up to 8 hours.
In large dogs, melatonin is dosed at 3 to 9 mg dog orally whenever necessary up to three times a day.
In cats, melatonin is dosed at 0.5 to 0.8 mg per cat orally whenever necessary up to every 12 hours.
The duration of administration depends on the condition being treated, response to medication and the development of any adverse effects. Be certain to complete the prescription unless specifically directed otherwise by your veterinarian.